Malta and Asylum

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Data at a Glance:

2014

568 people arrived to Malta on 5 boats, with 29% of arrivals declaring to be children upon arrival

885 asylum seekers, beneficiaries of protection and migrants reside in the open centres (19.09.2014)

47% of all asylum seekers were granted international protection in Malta. A further 9% were granted complementary forms of protection. (30.09.2014)

This year 474 refugees have been resettled to the United States as of October.

#knowthefacts

 

2013

Arrival  2,008 arrived from Libya on 24 boats. Somalia (50)% was the largest group, followed by Eritrea (23%) and Syria (8%). 25% of all arrivals declared to be children upon arrival. 
Detention Around 500 individuals were detained as end of 2013. Over 1,900 individuals passed through detention in 2013. 
Open Centres  1,499 asylum seekers, beneficiaries of protection and migrants live in open centres. Majority are from Somalia (425), followed by Eritrea (31%) and Ethiopia (8%) (as end 2013.)
Protection 71% of all asylum seekers were granted international protection in Malta. A further 11% were granted complementary forms of protection. International Protection by nationality: Somalia (38%), Eritrea (32%), Syria (24%) Libya (4%)
Solutions 412 refugees were resettled/relocated to US & other countries in 2013. 2,242 beneficiaries of protection have been resettled/relocated since 2005.
AVR 73 individuals have returned home in 2013 through the Assisted Voluntary Return and Sustainable Reintegration in the Country of Origin programme.
UNHCR estimates that around 30% of the 18,625 of the individuals who arrived by boat from libya since 2002 remain in Malta. Beneficiaries of protection have a right to travel document and many opt to leave the island on their own initiative. Some are transferred back to Malta under the Dublin Regulation network. 
There are 20,624 non-maltese in Malta. Majority are from: U.K. (32%), Italy (5%), Somalia (5%); Germany (4%) and Bulgaria (4%). (2011 Malta census)

View our Google Drive open data project

Download the 2013 Malta Asylum Trends Fact Sheet

2013_Malta_Asylum_trends_FS

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2012

Arrivals 1890 individuals arrived by boat in 2012. For a breakdown of the arrival click here
65% of arrivals by boat in 2012 are from Somalia
Protection status 78% of all asylum seekers were granted some form of protection in 2012. A further 9% were granted provisional status
86% of those granted international protection are from Somalia
Reception & Solutions 420 beneficiaries of protection have been resettled/relocated since 2005.
266 individuals were deported to their country of origin
40 individuals have returned in 2012 through the Assisted Voluntary Return and sustainable Reintegration in the Country of Origin
1,752 people live in Open Centres
Download the Malta asylum trends 2012

 

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2011

Arrivals 1,579 individuals, of 30 different nationalities, arrived in Malta by boat from Libya
21% pf arrivals are female; 26% are family units
Protection 52% of all asylum claims were granted international protection
46% of individuals granted protection are from Somlia, Eritrea (30%) and Sudan/Syria (5%)
Reception & Solutions At the end of the year around 1,800 were living in the open centres.
At the end of 2011 around 2011 were living in detention
Download the Malta asylum trends 2011
Additional info:



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2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Refugee

22

53

49

34

28

7

19

20

46

68

346

Subsidiary Protection

111

328

560

484

522

620

1387

1666

166

811

6655

THP

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

10

11

 

Rejected

286

187

259

580

637

329

1279

895

132

707

5290

Total

419

568

868

1098

1187

956

2692

2591

264

12874

*873 individuals were granted THPN since 2010 (555 in 2010 and 318 in 2011) 

Malta is a signatory to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol since 1971. It has officially lifted its geographical reservation on 13 December 2001, in Geneva, at the Ministerial Meeting of the State Parties to the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol.

A Refugee Act in Malta was approved by the Maltese Parliament on 25 July 2000. The Act entered into force on 1 October 2001 and all connected subsidiary regulations on 26 October 2001. The Refugee Act provided for the establishment of the Office of the Refugee Commissioner and the Refugee Appeals Board.

The Office of the Refugee Commissioner may recommend two types of protection: (a) Refugee Status and (b) Subsidiary protection

 

interactive--map

Persons granted international protection in Malta (2002-2011)

 

Key facts and figures 2012

1,890 individuals arrived by boat in 2012. 65% of arrivals by boat are from Somalia
66% of arrivals are men, 20% are women, 12% are boys and 2% are girls
78% of all asylum seekers were granted protection. A further 9% were granted provisional status
86% of those granted international  are from Somalia, followed by Eritrea (12%)and Ethiopia (1%)
69% of beneficiaries of protection are men, 28% are women, 2% are boys and 1% are girls
1,752 people live in open centres (as 04.01.2012)
420 people have been resettled/ relocated from Malta in 2012
Download: 2012 Malta Asylum Trends
Majority of people living in Malta do not perceive migration as a threat. Read the report 

 

Google-Drive-Logo

 

The Google Drive project

 

Download UNHCR Malta fact sheets:

2012factsheet

2011updatefactsheet

2011factsheet

20022010

 

Asylum Trends

In Europe, the largest relative increase in 2011 was registered in southern Europe which received 25,100 asylum requests during the first semester of 2011: a 57 per cent increase compared to the first six months of 2010 (16,000 claims). The increase is mainly in the number of asylum-seekers in Italy, Malta and Turkey.

2011 Asylum Trends

2010 Asylum Trends 

 

UNHCR Global Statistical Yearbooks

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2012

2011

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1951genevaconvention

External websites

WatchTheMed is a collaboration between the Forensic Oceanography research project at Goldsmiths College and Boats4People, a campaign led by an international coalition of NGOs aiming at bringing an end to the death of migrants at sea and foster solidarity between both sides of the Mediterranean.

IMap is an interactive map on migration

Arrivals from Libya

Key facts and figures 2002-2011

More than 14,500 individuals arrived by boat between 2002-2011, mainly from Sub-Saharan countries. 13% of the total arrivals are females.
Around 4,000 individuals from sub-Saharan countries are living in Malta
Over 30% of all arrivals hail from war-stricken Somalia
56% of all asylum seekers were granted international protection by the Office of the Refugee Commission in Malta
65% of all beneficiaries of protection hail from Somalia, followed by Eritrea (23%) and Sudan (4%)
Around 1,830 are living in open centres (As December 2011)
Over 1,400 beneficiaries of protection have been resettled/ relocated to the US and other EU member states between 2005-2011

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