What are Durable Solutions?
Securing a durable solution for refugees is a principal goal of international protection and part of UNHCR's mandate.
It is the responsibility of countries of origin, asylum, and resettlement, as well as the international community, in general, to promote voluntary repatriation to the country of origin, local integration in the country of asylum, or resettlement to a third country.
Repatriation of refugees must be strictly voluntary and take place in conditions of safety and with dignity.
Among the durable solutions available to displaced persons, voluntary repatriation remains the preferred option in the majority of situations. Unfortunately, it has become one of the more difficult solutions to achieve.
Local integration is a two-way legal, economic, social, and cultural process undertaken by both the host community and the displaced population.
Legal process through which the State progressively grants refugees a range of rights that, over time, should lead to permanent residence rights and, in some cases, the acquisition of citizenship.
Economic process as refugees and other displaced populations become less reliant on humanitarian assistance or State aid and become self-reliant.
Social and cultural process that the displaced populations and local communities undergo that allows displaced populations to co-exist with local populations without discrimination or exploitation so that they can contribute to the social life of their country of asylum without having to forfeit their identity and culture.
Resettlement is a protection tool that meets the specific needs of individual refugees whose fundamental rights might be at risk in the country where they have sought refuge or where there is a lack of integration prospects.
Resettlement is also a tangible expression of international solidarity and a responsibility-sharing mechanism, allowing States to help reduce problems that affect the country of first asylum.